Different Types of Profits

In simple terms, profit is the money left after all expenses have been paid. It includes labor costs, supplies, debt interest, and taxes. Profit typically describes the business operation. Generally, every business owner with an income has a profit. It’s what’s left of you after paying the bills. In small businesses, it is charged directly as wages. In companies, it is paid to shareholders in the form of dividends. If the cost is greater than the gain, that’s considered a loss.

The long-term success of a business owner depends on the ability to make a profit. Despite the value, many small business owners do not understand profit. Below, we’ll explain the three types of profit and how you can improve them.

Types of Profit

Businesses use three forms of revenue to evaluate the various aspects of their business. They are gross profit, operating profit, and net profit.

Gross profit

Gross profit subtracts overall revenue from the cost of goods sold. It is required for the manufacture of each product, such as assembly labor, materials, and fuel. However, it does not include fixed costs, such as plants, vehicles, and human capital. Gross profit is the money left to finance your business after you pay for the expense of making your product or service.

How to boost your gross profits:

  • Cut low margin products and services: You can use a similar calculation to calculate a single product or service’s gross profit.
  • Reduce the cost of goods sold: This may mean negotiating better deals with your suppliers. Consider asking the vendors for discounts on bulk orders or discounts on being a loyal customer.
  • Look out for wastage: Learn how to predict your inventory levels to not lose money on unused or ruined inventory.
  • Increase prices: You can determine the customer’s market sensitivities before making this decision. Consider what you might do to add value to current goods or services to justify the price rise.
  • Limit discounting: Many business owners are discounting their goods or services to sell more. Ask yourself if the promotion brings more orders than you will receive on average. If you don’t, your promotions could hurt your earnings.
  • Increase the total sales amount: Consider cross-selling and up-selling consumers by providing additional products/services or larger sales units.

Operating profits

Operating profit covers variable and fixed costs. Because it does not contain any accounting costs, it is also widely referred to as EBITDA – it stands for Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation, and Amortization. It is the most commonly used, particularly for a service business that does not have goods.

Operating profit is the money left based on the cost of manufacturing your product or service and the cost of running your business. Operating expenses include leasing, publicity, payroll, insurance, supplies, depreciation, and administration.

How to boost the operating profits:

  • Improve Processes: You can reduce your running costs by improving the time it takes to complete your order. Look at the steps taken to fulfill your order and ask yourself, “How can I speed up the process? Are there any steps I can cut?” The quicker you can produce your product or service, the higher your operating profit.
  • Embrace technology: Automation or digitization of your processes will help you save time and money. For instance, Buffer will help you automate your social media posts. QuickBooks is also an online accounting tool that can handle company payments, payrolls, and bills.

Net profit

Generally, net profit is the money left after taking out all expenses, taxes, and interest. Net profit covers all expenses. It is the most reliable representation of how much money a business makes. Businesses measure the three forms of profit using the profit margin. It is profit, whether gross, operating or net, divided by sales. A high ratio means that it produces a lot of profit with every dollar of sales. A low ratio means that the expense of the business comes from its earnings. Percentages vary from one sector to another.

Big business is going to have a lot of profit due to its size. But a small business can have a higher margin and a better investment since it is more effective. Margins also allow investors to compare the business over time. If the company expands, its income will grow. But if it doesn’t become more effective, its margin could fall.

How to boost your net profits:

  • Using tax deductions: Your small business will deduct all required expenses for doing business. It covers salaries, car costs, materials, or rent.
  • Claim your tax credits: While deductions decrease your taxable income, credits will be excluded from your tax bill. The CRA offers a wide range of tax credits that you may be eligible for.
  • Give employment benefits: You pay your workers’ payroll taxes. However, if you want to keep your payroll taxes down, give workers additional benefits instead of bonuses. You don’t pay benefits taxes so that you can write them off as expenses.


Understanding the three forms of benefit can help improve performance. Business owners will be able to spot problems such as unnecessary spending or underperforming product or service. It is useful information to assess how your business can move forward.

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